trees, shrubs and woody vines

See Spring wildflowers on the Eno
See ferns and allies

Acer negundoBox Elder
A. saccharumSugar Maple
A. rubrumRed Maple
A. sylvaticaBuckeye
Ailanthus altissima Tree-of-Heaven
Albizia julibrissinMimosa
Alnus serrulata Tag Alder
Anisostichus capreolataCross Vine
Amelanchier arboreaServiceberry
Aralia spinosaDevil's Walking Stick
Baccharis halimifoliaEastern Baccharis
Betula nigraRiver Birch
Calycanthus floridusSweet Betsy, Sweet Shrub
Campsis radicansTrumpet Creeper A robust native vine sometimes sold in plant nurseries as 'Hummingbird Vine'. Blooms in early summer.
Carpinus carolinianaIronwood, Muscle Tree
Carya carolinae-septrionalisSouthern Shagbark Hickory
C. cordiformisBitternut Hickory
Carya glabraPignut Hickory
Carya ovalisRed Hickory
Carya ovata Shagbark Hickory
Carya tomentosa Mockernut Hickory
Celtis laevigata Hackberry, Sugarberry
Cephalanthus occidentalis Button BushButton Bush This native shrub likes to 'have its feet wet'. It prefers full sun such as ponds and old beaver impoundments. Flowers are a magnet for butterflies seeking nectar.
Cercis canadensis Red Bud
Chionanthus virginica Fringe treeFringe TreeClouds of wispy white seem to envelope this little tree in May.
Cornus amomumSilky Dogwood
C. floridaFlowering Dogwood
C. strictaStiff Dogwood
Corylus americanaHazelnut
Diospyros americana Persimmon
Euonymus americanus Hearts-a-bustingHearts-a-busting-with-love Flowers are rudimentary but this shrub comes into its glory in the autumn when the fruit ripens.
Fraxinus ameicanusWhite Ash
F. carolinaCarolina Ash
F. pensylvanicaGreen Ash
Fagus grandifoliaBeech
Galussacia spp. Huckleberries
Gelsemium sempervirens JessamineJessamineAn evergreen vine that climbs into treetops and can bloom in a mild winter in January but sometimes waits until early May if the weather is cold.
Hamamelis virginiana Witch HazelWitch-HazelBlooms before the leaves form - usually January or February. It is occasionally found along the Eno riverbanks. It is the source of Witch Hazel, an astringent lotion.The forked branches were used as divining rods for water.
Hydrangea arboreaWild Hydrangea
Ilex deciduaPossumhaw
I. glabraInkberry
I. MontanaMountain Holly
I. opacaAmerican Holly
I. verticillataCommon Winterberry
Itea virginicaVirginia Willow
Juniperus virginicaRed Cedar
Juglans nigraBlack Walnut
Kalmia latifolia Mountain LaurelMountain LaurelThe steep shady banks of the Eno become showy when this shrub blooms around mid-May. Uncommon in the piedmont but very common in the North Carolina mountains.
Leucothoe racemosa DoghobbleDoghobble This shrub is also called Fetterbush. Grows mainly along steep stream banks in thick clumps.
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